An underbite occurs when the lower jaw extends too far forward, causing the bottom teeth to sit in front of the top upper teeth.
Once of the most common problems we see at our office are spacing issues between teeth. This is what the majority of orthodontic patients seek to resolve. Spacing can be caused by a number of factors including missing teeth, or they could simply be a cosmetic issue that occurred as your adult teeth grew in.
This problem occurs when the upper teeth extend too far forward, while the lower teeth are not extending far enough.
Crowding is characterized by insufficient room for your teeth to come in. Oftentimes you’ll see teeth crossed or overlapping slightly. This can generally be fixed with expansion, and in many cases we can avoid removing any teeth.
Those who are experiencing a crossbite may also be suffering from misaligned jaw growth and tooth stratification. A crossbite is characterized by the upper teeth sitting inside the lower teeth.

Similar to a protrusion, an overbite is characterized by the upper front teeth extending out and over the lower front teeth. This often causes the lower teeth to bite into the roof of your mouth, causing bleeding and pain.

An openbite is caused by the upper and lower front teeth not overlapping. This impacts proper chewing and can often be caused early on by habits like thumb sucking in children.

One characteristic Dr. Gardner will search for is proper back bite matching. When the dental midlines do not match, the back bite is not fitting properly. This can impact everything from jaw to dental function.